If you are planning to set up a new aquarium, the most important thing you can do is gather information about how to set one up properly. Setting up an aquarium, especially inside your house, is one of the most enjoyable ways to get closer to nature. It involves building a small ecosystem next to you, which will provide you an opportunity to watch it thrive and appreciate the change. The keeping of fish in the house has been proved to be one of the ways people reduce stress and in turn improve their mental health, especially when they spend most of their time attending to these beautiful creatures.
To join the large group of people out there who are keeping fish, here is a clear summary of the simple steps you can easily follow to set up an aquarium in your house.
1. Plan On The Tank You Are To Use
This is the first and the most crucial step when planning to set-up an aquarium. It involves deciding on the kind of container to use in terms of size and material. The size will primarily depend on the type of fish you are planning to keep and the number as well. On the other hand, the equipment to use will affect the aesthetical aspect of your aquarium.
2. Prepare your Tank
Once the items to be purchased are ready, you are now ready to go. But before adding water into your tank, it is crucial to ensure that the container is spotless. For the case of a new tank, you only need to wipe off the dust, but for the case of a container which has been in use, thorough cleaning is paramount. When washing your tank, avoid the use of detergents and soap as these might negatively affect the fish you are planning to introduce. After the cleaning process, the setting off your tank at the perfect location is the next thing you should do in this step.
3. Add The Right Substrate And Water
The type of substrate to add on your tank will primarily depend on your personal preference and also the kind of fish you are planning to introduce. This is because different fish will tend to respond differently to the kind of substrate within their area. For instance, a Catfish will tend to react positively on a sandy substrate.
The amount of substrate to add will depend on the thickness you are looking to achieve. A perfect rule of thumb you are supposed to observe in this step is adding 1lb of substrate per a gallon of water. This will be enough to make up a thick surface bed. Also, of importance here is to make sure the substrate you are adding is clean to avoid getting your water cloudy.
4. Install Your Equipment
This is the step where you are supposed to install a filter. Installation of filters varies typically depending on brands. Here, you can either install an internal or an external filter. Internal filters are usually easy to install when compared to external considering all you have to do is assemble the parts as instructed and you are ready to go.
5. Addition Of Plants And Decorations
This is the step where you make your tank look like the little sea world you imaged. To make it attractive, researching the material to place in your tank is very important as this will offer you a better understanding of what fits best. For instance, Anacharis are thought to do better as background plants and front as well.
Planting can be done through burying the plant you are intending to use into the substrate such as the Java Fern which needs to be attached to the driftwood before planting in the tank.
6. Cycle The Tank
Cycling your tank basically means adding up a bacteria bed in your biological filter which is primarily intended for the health of your fish in the future. This is a crucial step which should be carried before introducing your fish. It helps in creating more favorable conditions for the development of your fish. Cycling can be done both on fresh and salt waters. It should be done before the introduction of fish since exposing fish to some of the toxin used might impose health risks.
7. Add fish
This is the last step which you have probably been waiting for all along. Addition of fish should be a slow process and can take weeks or even months. Here, the number of fish to be added will primarily depend on the size of your tank as well as the size of the fish you intend to introduce.
When introducing your fish, there is a need to do acclimatization. Acclimatizing is necessary since fish are susceptible to change, and thus, drastic changes may lead to death. Such modifications may include the change in temperature, salinity, and PH.
If you can manage to follow the above 7 simple steps carefully, then you are ready to set up your aquarium.