Fish care is paramount in any production process. This will ensure that your fish remain healthy, are resistant to diseases and reproduce healthily. This will be a totally different case to fish which are not well attended. In such a situation, water is not changed at the right time, resulting in fish developing skin diseases. Or the fish are underfed and all this will definitely result in unhealthy stock.
Here are 5 things which you should make sure are well observed to ensure that your fish are getting the best care.
Hotness or coldness of water should be considered when rearing fish. There are different ranges of temperature needs to be followed depending on the type of fish you are rearing. For freshwater fish, the recommended temperature is 27 C. For the marine environment, 26 C and for Coldwater area is 20 C. When you provide a good environment for the fish, expect the best output from them.
Overstocking is a great challenge that affects fish. Keeping too many fish in a more confined area is not healthy for the fish since it can lead to respiratory diseases. It will make some of your fish die hence losses arises in fish production. Also, overstocking will make fish compete for food, making some of them especially – the weak – not meet their food requirements depending on their body weight. The size of the tank you are intending to keep will primarily depend upon the fish type, their body size, etc.
Every creature requires food to survive and it has to be adequate and of quality. Fish need to be fed twice a day, in the morning and in the afternoon. Always ensure that you provide enough feed for the fish. Food will promote growth rate in fish since they will be getting substantial energy. It is good to observe hygiene when feeding to avoid contamination.
Freshwater is best for fish rearing. We need to observe good management skills since the pollution of water can increase the mortality rate of the fish. Fresh and clean water has high oxygen levels which are good for the fish since it will avoid any cases of respiration problem. Contaminated water will interfere with gills of the fish making them, possibly causing breathing problems, and might lead to death. Thus, for the best fish care, always ensure you change the water regularly so as to provide a conducive environment for fish development
It is good to be screening your tank regularly to check that everything is running smoothly. Sometimes you may find your fish have curtain infection which can be fatal to your whole stock. In case you find some fish are suffering from curtain defect it is recommended to transfer them to another tank. It will be a good way of controlling the spread of diseases to other fish. You can also apply antibiotic to affected fish to try to control the disease or use medicated feed.
If we can manage to observe some of the above key management practices, that will the best care we can give to our fish. This will ensure we have a healthy stock which is free from disease, and free to swim around as they please.