Freshwater tropical fish are recommendable as they are easy to keep and maintain. Successfully keeping an aquarium depends on the maintenance practices of the fish tank. Proper and right growing condition ensures a healthy and colorful aquarium. Freshwater fish tanks are inexpensive to set up and maintain. People with experience in fish sectors can narrate how building a tiny ecosystem of animals and plants is a fantastic feeling. Fish keeping has become a hobby to many, but to some, they are still struggling with their fish choices and maintenance of the fish tanks. And this mostly happens with the beginners who find a lot of disappointments in this fantastic field. Below are some of the tips to ensure healthy fish with proper tank maintenance practices.
1. Cycle The Tank Before Adding Fish
Poor tank maintenance is one of the great reasons tropical fish die often. This is one of the essential steps people fail to observe before introducing fish in their tanks. Tank cycling means bringing the water conditions which are favorable to the fish. This is what one needs to consider before adding fish in the tank. This process may include the growth of healthy micro-organisms within the container. This process might take some time and its therefore advisable to carry it out about a week before introducing your fish.
2. Confirm Water Parameters
Safe water conditions mean healthy fish. Some parameters are continuously testing for the safety of these little animals, which might include the levels of ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, and the PH of your tank. There are inexpensive testing kits, and they are easy to use. Ammonia, nitrates, and nitrites are chemicals that occur due to a lifecycle in the water, and if not controlled, they threaten aqua lives. Most fish can survive in a range of PH levels, but if the water is very hard, it’s appropriate to bring the PH down with chemicals.
3. Regular Water Change
With time, the water parameters get out of line and are not conducive for the fish. In some cases, people go for the over the counter products that help to retain the proper conditions. But according to research adding fresh water is of more benefits that use of chemicals. This practice involves removing about one-third of the water from your tank every week and replace it with clean and fresh water. The weekly basis is a suitable frequency to avoid waste buildup.
4. Avoid Overfeeding Your Fish
Unlike other animals, fish are very hard to starve as feeding them once a day is enough. During this single feeding, make sure to provide food items of each type of fish in the tank. For the floating of fish, a portion of good flake food is perfect. For bottom feeders, however, sinking pellets are necessary. Overfeeding is not only unhealthy to the fish, but it also creates an unconducive environment for the fish. It’s also good to note that what goes into a fish must come out. Hence, overfeeding means a dirtier environment.
5. Ensure Sufficient Light
In most cases, beginners in fish keeping do have a problem in managing algae in an aquarium. Like all other plants, algae also need light for better growth. To avoid overgrowing of the algae, make sure your tank does not get a lot of sunlight. It’s advisable to keep light on the tank for a maximum of twelve hours or less. The idea is to balance algae and other live plants for healthy fish. If the light is too much, live plants might take a lot of nutrients, and they may end up eradicating them.
Fish does not require much of your time, as the maintenance and feeding practices are simple. All they need is a clean, safe, and stress-free environment. At times mistakes are inevitable and it is good going for the tough fish, which can tolerate hard conditions. But with the above practices, you are assured of healthy and lively fish.