Unlike other pets such as puppies and cats, fish dwell in their wastes. For the dogs and cats, they do escape their wastes by going outside to potty or using a litter box, unlike fish which eliminate in their water. As a way to avoid fish swimming in their scrap for long, it’s good to take the regular action of changing the fish tank water. According to professionals in the field of the aquarium, a weekly water change is of the essence for healthy and happy fish. There are various factors which might help you determine the frequency of changing water for your fish. Below are some tips to guide you on this process to avoid stressing your fish.
1. Tank Setup
Making sure that your tank is always cycling is of vital importance to the wellbeing of your little fish, as well as regularly scheduled water changes. In simple words to define a cycled tank, it’s a mature tank which is capable of housing a colony of nitrifying bacteria, which turn ammonia and nitrite into nitrate. There are available bacterial additives that help to recycle your tank with a day or two after which it’s ready for your fish. Bacterial additives reduce the frequent need for the fish tank water change.
2. Water Tests
There are two main reasons why this exercise is essential. It helps you determine if your tank is cycled and shows the level of ammonia and nitrite. If one owns a well-established tank, you only need to check the test if you see any signs of stress with your fish. If your fish water tends to contain high levels of waste, it’s time to change your fish tank water. Test kits are readily available in pets’ store, and they come with test tubes to fill with aquarium water for ease of testing.
3. Emergency Water Changes
In most cases, the weekly schedule is recommendable for a fish tank water change, but this might change depending on the results of your tests. If your analysis indicates high levels of nitrate or the presence of ammonia and nitrite, you might be required to change your water till the conditions are fit for your fish. According to aquarium experts, the presence of ammonia and nitrite in your water is dangerous for your fish. For the nitrate, it should be below forty parts per million.
4. Hospital Tanks
In rear cases, fish tend to get ill. If such a situation happens, it might be advisable to transfer your ailing fish in a hospital tank. This helps to separate the affected fish from others for ease of treatment and as a way of avoiding medicating your healthy fish along with the sick one. On the fish tank water change frequency of the infected fish, it’s good to refer the instruction of the medication you are using.
5. Standard Water Change
Instead of waiting to change the entire batch of your fish tank water, it recommendable to apply the weekly replacement of ten to twenty percent of the tank water which assures happy and healthy fish. This exercise ensures there are zero levels of ammonia and nitrite and nitrate below forty parts per million. Another advantage is that your substrate is free of waste and dirt. To others, they settle on the weekly schedule and replace fifty percent of the fish tank water, but this might alter the fish water conditions, especially if they are direct from the standard water tank.
Fish need good water, not just any water. For survival, fish water must meet all the requirements in term of temperature and PH levels. Adding direct tap water in the fish tank is not recommendable as this may cause a spike of ammonia, nitrate or nitrite. Always prepare your water before introducing it into your fish tank to allow them to attain the recommendable conditions.